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Growth vs. Fixed Mindset:

By Carol Dweck and James Anderson

A fixed mindset means that you believe intelligence is fixed and static—so if you’re not good at something, you might believe you’ll never be good at it (levels of intelligence and abilities are innate).

A growth mindset means that you believe your intelligence and talents can be  improved through effort and learning, thus developed over time (understand that not being good at something is but a temporary state)

A growth mindset has a positive effect on motivation and academic performance. It helps you embrace failure and treat it as a learning experience. It allows you to recognize that setbacks are a necessary part of the learning process and thus helps you to bounce back, by increasing motivational effort. It’s more beneficial to praise the process itself rather than to praise talent or natural abilities.

FIXED MINDSETGROWTH MINDSET
Avoid learning new things Embrace lifelong learning
Believe intelligence and talent are staticBelieve intelligence can be improved
Avoid challenges to avoid failurePut in more effort to learn
Believe putting in effort is worthlessBelieve effort leads to mastery
Give up easilyBelieve failures are just temporary setbacks
Ignore feedback from othersView feedback as a source of information
Hide flaws so as not to be judged by othersWillingly embraces challenges
Feel threatened by the success of othersView others’ success as a source of inspiration
View feedback as personal criticismView feedback as an opportunity to learn
Comparison

How to develop a growth mindset:

  • Science has proven that you can improve
  • So squelch your fixed mindset inner judge 
  • Reward the process — rewarding effort results in improved performance
  • View feedback as a precious gift, and
  • Stretch out of your comfort zone

“What you think affects what you achieve!”

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